Sudan is holding up extending ONGC Videsh’s licence over an oil field as the government seeks higher royalties, tax and profit petroleum even as it delays paying nearly $300 million in oil dues. The licence for Block 2B expired last week and an automatic 5-year extension is available, but Sudan, whose revenues have been hit with a drop in oil prices, wants higher taxes and royalties before it agrees to the same, officials said. OVL, the overseas arm of the state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), in 2003 had bought a 25 per cent stake in Greater Nile Oil Project (GNOP) comprising Block 1, 2 and 4 in the undivided Sudan. It lies in the prolific Muglad basin, about 780 kilometres in the South-West of Khartoum, the capital of Sudan.
The project produces about 50,000 barrels of oil per day (bpd). Upon secession of South Sudan from Sudan in July 2011, the contract areas of blocks 1, 2 and 4, spread over both areas, were split with a major share of production and reserves now situated in South Sudan. Blocks 2A, 2B and 4N are in Sudan, and blocks 1A, 1B as well as 4S are in South Sudan. Block 2B produces 50,000 bpd of oil, while Block 4 is in the exploration phase. The official said OVL and its partners China National Petroleum Company (40 per cent stake), Petronas of Malaysia (30 per cent) and Sudapet (5 per cent) want a 5-15 year extension, but Sudan is yet to agree.
Sudan has not paid OVL for the oil from GNOP it consumed. Post-secession, as the Sudanese government’s share of total production in Sudan was not sufficient to meet requirements of local refineries, foreign firms were asked to sell their share of crude oil to it. However, the payment of dues on account of crude oil purchased by the Sudanese government has not been received, he said, adding that OVL’s share of the outstanding dues is about $300 million. The crude oil produced from oil field of GNOP is transported through a 1,504-km pipeline to Port Sudan on the Red Sea.
OVL, along with state-owned Oil India, had constructed and financed a 741-km multi-product pipeline from Khartoum refinery to Port Sudan for $194 million. OVL’s share of the project cost was 90 per cent. The pipeline was handed over to the Sudanese government in October 2005. A lump sum price together with lease rent was to be given to OVL in 18 equal half-yearly instalments, effective December 2005. While the payment of 11 half-yearly instalments due till December 2010 was received from the government, the remaining seven instalments due from June 30, 2011 to June 30, 2014, are yet to be released. OVL, whose share of investment in the project was $158.01 million, has been following up for realisation of $98.94 million from the Sudanese government at various levels, he added. E. J. Manuel JerseyShare This